Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites. The different areas of web design include web graphic design; interface design; authoring, including standardised code and proprietary software; user experience design; and search engine optimization.
Web design partially overlaps web engineering in the broader scope of web development. Web designers are expected to have an awareness of usability and if their role involves creating mark up then they are also expected to be up to date with web accessibility guidelines.
Flat design is the new trend in web design. It focuses on a minimalistic approach for usability. It is specific to dimensional and flat icons and images and fresh open spaces and vibrant colors. With user experience as key anything that is considered overly decorative or cluttered is removed to lessen distraction. Flat designs are also easy designs to convert to mobile and other devices which makes it’s functionality beneficial.